The Definition of International Music

International music is defined as a general category term for global music, for instance folk music, traditional music and etc. This music is often created and played by talented and indigenous musicians and usually share the same connection with their place of origin.

This term is credited to Robert E. Brown, who is an ethnomusicologist. He managed to develop undergraduate by going through doctoral programs in this particular discipline. In order to enhance the learning process, he went to the extent of inviting more than a dozen performers from Asia as well as Africa to begin series of music concert. This term became popular in the 1980s and used as a marketing device in the music and media industry.

However, there are several definitions which are conflicting with one another for international music. One says that it consists of all music that exists in the world. This term is also said refers to the classification of music which combines Western music styles together with other genres of non western style. International music too may refer to every form such as classical forms to modern forms.

This term may incorporate various types of styles, modes, scales and musical inflections. Music exerts their own or cross cultural influence to one another. This music is able to be marketed successfully at the present. Academic study on music is getting common these days, giving birth to talented artists in various categories such as performance studies, ethnomusicology, anthropology and etc.

Today, the mainstream music has evolved and adopted many other features of music and is managed to reach wider audience. Hip hop, pop, jazz and heavy metal are incorporating one another producing remarkable piece of art. Regardless of how the term is used, music certainly plays a big part in delivering useful and meaningful messages.

Source by Stuart Michael M

How to Become a Successful Independent Artist or Songwriter

By far the most important skill to have if you wish to become successful with anything, is ATTITUDE. An old Chinese proverb once said, “90% of the journey towards success is over once you have stepped outside your front door.” The reason many people fail, is because they’d rather stay in and watch the TV.

Of course, that first step outside is a philosophical one. As a musician or songwriter, you spend the vast majority of your time being creative. If you think that writing a great song, or playing an instrument well, is the hardest part of being a successful artist, you are wrong.

Despite all the skills you need to know and perfect in order to make your music shine, these pale into insignificance compared with the hard work and other skills you will need to learn in order to record, market and sell your art successfully.

Fortunately, most creative people also seem to excel at other things. The term “Jack of all trades” could quite easily apply to most musicians or artists. After all, the first thing most artists have to learn, is how to find time for their art whilst running a home AND holding down a Day Job in order to pay the bills! It is therefore not unusual to find musicians who are also Physicists, Engineers, IT Professionals or Teachers, to name but a few.

Most of these people are quite content to keep music as a hobby, at least whilst bringing up a family. However, we all get to a stage in our lives (usually once the kids have grown up and left home), where we want to cease working for a “Living”, and instead, work for our own “Satisfaction”.

There are few things in life more satisfying than being admired for something we created. If our creations also manage to influence others, then it is even more rewarding.

This “first step outside your front door” is taken when you decide to pause from the creative aspect (the ideas), and take a positive step towards learning new skills, or employing others who can do those things for you.

There has never been a better time in the history of mankind, to take those steps, either by yourself, or with others who would help you.

–Where you used to have to pay for tutoring, or buy books, in order to learn the techniques of songwriting, or playing an instrument, you can now find scores of articles on the Internet (like this one!) that will help you for free.

–Where you used to have to save up a considerable amount of money to pay studio costs and hire session musicians to make a decent demo recording, you can now find all the necessary tools, and even the musicians, on the Internet who would help you for little or no cost at all.

–Where you needed to sign a record deal in order to be able to afford a producer and a master quality studio, you can now buy your own PC and some music software, and collaborate with a producer online, who will give you the capability to make radio-ready recordings.

–Where you needed a record company with a huge advertising budget to market and sell your recordings, you can now (with some hard work), market and sell your CDs to the Whole World for next to nothing.


The Music Industry doesn’t like the changes that the Internet has brought to the business. Digital media can be freely copied by anyone with a PC, anywhere in the World. No longer do the record companies just have to worry about the CD pirates who manufacture illegal copies to sell on the black market; they also have to now worry about every PC-literate man, woman and child, making their own copies too! This has led the music industry into a perpetual fight against filesharers (making enemies of many consumers in the process), instead of embracing the business advantages that the Internet brings to us.

The Music Industry still believes that 8-16 year-olds buy most of the records, so they are still catering primarily for that market. Recent industry figures are telling a different story, and the secret is the “Baby Boomers”.

Yes … The same people who created the above market perception in the 70’s by buying the largest proportion of records ever, whilst they were teenagers, have now grown up! The largest age group to buy CDs TODAY, at 26% of the population, are over 45. Not only that, but they still like the same kinds of music as they did then. So there is no need to change your art to fit today’s teenybopper market if you aren’t that way inclined.

Now that we know the secret, we also know that the next big thing in music, isn’t going to be another form of Hip-hop, Techno, or R’n’B; but a return to real music, such as was made during the 60’s and 70’s. However, we’ll be creating it with modern tools on a Home computer DAW (Digital Audio Workstation) system, instead of in a multimillion pound studio complex!

So, whilst the Music Industry is still hesitating by trying to shun the new digital era in favour of antiquated business models, hardware in the form of CDs, and markets that still only cover limited territories; we can now jump ahead of them onto a more level playing field, find our own markets, and sell to the Whole World with only a simple website!

Sounds easy, doesn’t it? … Well, that is the first hurdle you will face. So many musicians think it is easy, that there are millions already doing it! So to be successful you will need, like any other business, a proper business plan.


The road to being a successful independent musician, begins with ATTITUDE.

You need to find enough time in your schedule to drop the guitar & scoresheet and use your creative energies towards developing a proper BUSINESS PLAN. This means taking a step back and listening to your music through Joe Public’s ears. You need to think up a business name, logo, and short slogan that encompasses what you are, and what your music is trying to say to people.

Register your business “name” by buying a domain name that suits you as soon as possible.

Pages on free MP3 sites and Free domains do not give you a professional image. You MUST have your own site, or at least something that offers you a unique look and features of your own. If you want people to find your music unique & special, then you also need an image that is unique and special. That goes for your email address too. Genuine business people don’t use their Hotmail, AOL, or Yahoo addresses for formal communications.

Make sure all your paperwork is in order.

If you are planning on making an eventual living from your art, you will need to be registered as a business or as a self-employed sole trader. You need to make sure your tax and income are all accounted for, so you may have to buy yourself an accounting package, or learn to use Excel Spreadsheets, or employ an accountant. There is also a lot to learn about how copyright systems work and whether you feel you need to form your own publishing company, record company, or register your copyrights with an agency. Much of this will depend on the laws of your home country. Alternatively, you can sign a non-exclusive deal with a small independent label or publisher to handle all the music-related paperwork for you.

You need to either take the time to develop some basic web design skills, buy ready-made templates, or employ someone to design a site for you.

Make sure your logo and colour scheme is fluent throughout your site, your stationery, your CD artwork, and any other communications device, such as email. Make sure your site includes some way of gathering a mailing list, such as a response form or a “double opt-in” form of registration.

Plan a marketing strategy.

Marketing is all about finding the right market for your product. This may involve a certain amount of consumer research. This can be expensive, so use the Internet as much as possible to find groups of people who like similar music to yours. Try to find out other things about these people so that you can get a clearer picture of who would be interested in your music.

Plan a promotional strategy.

Gather contact lists of magazines, local newspapers, TV and radio stations. Plan an 8-week promotional strategy leading up to the release of your CD. Use any press, or airplay you get as a news item on your website. If you have some money to invest, plan a set of concert dates in local venues for dates close to any publication dates. Plan a poster or postcard campaign. Contact local charities, hospitals, schools and shops, in fact anyone who might be prepared to play your CD in a public place. If you want local record stores to stock your CD, you will also need barcodes and counter display boxes. Use the mailing list you have been gathering from your site to promote any news to your fans with a regular newsletter. Offer free tickets to gigs, or run competitions for free CDs. Use your fans as extra leverage to increase the momentum of your promotional campaigns.

Don’t under-sell yourself.

Make sure that any music you decide to give away as a promotional MP3 is different in some way to the music you are selling. E.G. It will either be an early un-mastered mix (demo), or a different mix, or a song you are never going to release for sale. Otherwise, make sure all samples you make of your records, are either short clips, or low-fi mono samples. The price you set for your releases should never be too far below that of major record company releases. Your price tells your customer what “stage” you are at in the business. Price yourself too cheap and you are more likely to lose customers because they will automatically assume you are an “amateur”.

Make yourself and your CD easily accessible to your fans.

Always answer any emails promptly. Check your emails at least once a day and reply to any new enquiries immediately. The average time expected by most people for a response by email is 12-24 hours. Do not SPAM. Make sure you only send bulk emails to people who have opted into your mailing list, and if anyone wants to opt out, make sure you delete them straight away (not several weeks and 10 disgruntled emails later!). To contact businesses, you will need to write individually and personally to each of them. Always use a business “signature” with your artistic or business name, slogan, web site address, and possibly your telephone number, on every email you send. If you have released a CD, make sure you add the link to that too! If you have had your CDs duplicated professionally and are barcoded, you can also expand from selling them in internet stores such as iTunes, Amazon, and CDbaby, to high street stores. You must also sell them from your own site or at least provide links to the stores where they are available.

Never stop “Networking”

Carry your business cards with you at all times. At every conversational opportunity, if someone happens to mention music, or gigs, make sure you advertise yourself as an independent artist. If you have a modern mobile phone or MP3 player, make sure your latest CD is on it! You never know who you’ll bump into in the supermarket. The first thing someone will ask when you mention you are a recording artist is “What kind of music do you play?” If you have your MP3 player with you, you won’t even have to answer! (This is always a difficult question for an artist). You can just play it to them! Also make sure you frequent all the music-related newsgroups, forums, bulletin boards, MP3 sites, chat rooms etc. at every opportunity.

Finally, my “Promotional Tip of the Week”

Familiarise yourself with all the P2P filesharing systems that the music business hates so much. You can use them to your advantage. Make ads or lo-fi samples of your music or CD and label them like this…


Make copies labelled with every well-known artist you think you sound like, and keep all the files in your shared folder. Then, whenever you are logged onto the service and someone searches for music by these well-known artists, your music will be on their list of results!


Source by Lynn Monk

Why You Should Add a Motorcycle CB to Your Ride

With the many Bluetooth motorcycle headsets on the market today some people wonder why anybody would want to add an archaic form of communication like the CB to their motorcycle. The most common reason for wanting a motorcycle CB is for group rides. Nothing beats a Sunday afternoon ride in the spring with a big group of friends all on 2 wheels. You might argue that when you go on rides you are looking to get away from the talk and noise and you don’t want to hear people while riding. And yes, you have a point. But being able to communicate with the others can be about more than just socializing. It can mean clearer directions and road hazard warnings to help keep the group together and prevent accidents. If you ride a Goldwing or Ultra Classic with a built in CB then you know how handy this communication can be in a group ride and sometimes when you are by yourself out on the freeway. If you take a ride cross country, talking on the CB can be a great way to pass the time or “meet” other riders, and truckers, along the way.

If you have looked into getting a CB installed on your motorcycle but became discouraged by the price tag of J&M Corporation’s JMCB-2003 don’t worry, there are other options. In the case of the J&M for around $400 you can have a very nice motorcycle CB right on your handlebars with excellent controls that allow you to change channels and use the Push to Talk while keeping your hands on the handlebars. It also provides a rider to passenger intercom and ipod input for listening to music. While J&M’s design is the cleanest, most user friendly motorcycle CB available, there are many other motorcycle CB options out there, some for a lot less money.

Let’s face it, you don’t need to be changing channels while you ride. For group motorcycle rides everyone will be on one channel and on the open road if you aren’t on channel 19 you probably won’t find anybody else to talk to. Volume also can be set and left alone in most cases. So all you really need on your handlebars is a push to talk button and you can keep the radio portion in a tank bag or someplace out of the way. The most basic (least expensive) setup requires a radio, a headset, a push to talk button and an antenna. Most portable radios come with a short flexible antenna, though not great, if your radio is mounted out near the handlebars you should have a 1/2 mile range, enough to talk to others on a group ride. The Midland 75-822 ($89) portable CB is a popular model which can be powered by a Cigarette lighter or with AA batteries. The Midland 75-785 costs even less ($43) but can only be powered by AA batteries. Both of these can easily be used in your car or any other handheld use when not on the motorcycle.

Headset options: Many people don’t know where to start when it comes to connecting a portable motorcycle CB to their helmet. There are several options but just keep in mind that you can’t have an open microphone so you must have a PTT between your helmet microphone and the CB. StarCom1 adapter kits which fit different style radios (Cobra, Icom, Kenwood, Midland, Motorola), include a waterproof push to talk button which straps to your handlebars, and a headset port. You can then choose from 6 different styles of StarCom1 headsets which include a stick on or boom microphone, speakers or ear bud jack (3.5mm) or both speakers and an ear bud jack.

So on your next group ride, look around and see who has a motorcycle CB that you could talk to, then get your own.

Source by Jonathan D Clark

Christmas – Unique Celebrations & Traditions in Alaska, Africa & Australia!

Christmas is a celebrated event in many countries world-wide. Here are three countries, Alaska, Africa and Australia all located in vastly different regions of the world and each has their own unique traditions and celebrations. Here are some of their fascinating traditions and celebrations.

Alaska – “Carrying the Star” is a traditional Christmas procession. Young and old carry elaborately decorated tinsel trimmed wheels with eight points, usually as big as umbrellas. They are highlighted with a centre picture of either an angel or the nativity scene. They are carried for three nights from January 7th over icy snow topped roads. The stars represent the angels who announced the birth of Christ. Families lovingly maintain the stars. Some are more than a hundred years old!

Africa – There are approximately 350 million Christians in Africa who celebrate Christmas. Emphasis is more on the religious celebrations of Christ’s birth rather than gift giving. Although the most common gift (if nothing else) is new clothes which will be worn to the church service. People in many countries of Africa such as Central African Republic (CAR), Uganda, Kenya and the Democratic Republic of Congo believe it is an absolute must to attend church on Christmas day, even if they never attend the rest of the year. An annual Christmas pageant as well as groups of carolers singing Christmas carols within villages is now part of the festivities.

Churches in Africa start intense preparations for Christmas many months prior. Nobody escapes the yuletide feeling as it has been said that it feels like the whole country is preparing for the birth of the baby Jesus with so much joyful and active community preparation taking place! The streets are alive with music as well as on the radio, television and just about where ever you look! People joyously visit their friends and relatives in the spirit of community celebration regardless of religious persuasion. It is usual to see brightly colored and decorated trucks, cars and buses as well as homes, schools, churches and neighborhoods often boasting creative festive displays made with colored crepe papers. Colorful and alive with joyous celebration is Africa! Ancient and spectacular masquerades locally called “Agugu” now play a major part in Christmas celebrations. Usually held after the Christmas Eve service is a joyous procession of dance and music through the streets lead by local bands with dancing masqueraders (usually young boys dressed in fancy and colorful costumes) and Christmas revelers. People parade with large intricately made lanterns called “fanals” usually in the shape of houses or boats.

In Ghana Christmas dinner is not complete without fufu (a thick dough like food) and okra soup and in Liberia rice, beef and biscuits are the order of the day. Zimbabwean’s make sure there’s plenty of bread, jam and tea to eat with their prized goat meat which is their traditional Christmas roast. On the west coast of Africa most homes have an oil palm for a Christmas tree.

Austria – St Nicholas is widely honored and appears on his feast day December 6th. In Austria this is a holiday separate from Christmas. He appears in his traditional dress of flowing robe and tall Bishop’s miter carrying a shepherd’s staff and a thick book. It is believed the good and bad deeds of children are recorded in his book! It was once tradition to hold an elaborate Christmas Eve ceremony where St Nicholas and the feared Ruprecht (demonic creature, who wears a hide, has glowing eyes and a long red tongue) both appear on Christmas Eve. Children gather together and sing a hymn to welcome the Saint. Then one by one the children join the Saint at a family table where he checks their lesson books then asks them to repeat a prayer he says. This ends with the children kissing his Bishops ring while he tells them to go place their shoes outside then look at them when the clock strikes ten! Ruprecht stands over the door watching the childrens every move! Before St Nicholas leaves he blesses the children as he sprinkles them with holy water then quietly and swiftly departs. The children with great excitement then hurriedly run to place their shoes outside their homes. At the stroke of ten children run outside to find their shoes filled with treats of apples and nuts!

Austria is a predominantly Catholic country renowned as the land of the sound of music and home of Mozart, Strauss and Schubert. Included in Christmas celebrations is the “Advent Concert Series” in Innsbruck. It features groups of family singers and instrumentalists similar to the famous “Trapp Family” from “The Sound of Music”. Another famous Christmas festivity is in Salzburg where the hottest ticket for the season is for the “Salburger Adventsingen”. It is a program of advent music and folk lore which began more than half a century ago. They get more than a 100,000 requests each year for the prized 30,000 tickets available for admission. The fish carp is served for the traditional Christmas dinner.

Austria is famous for its miniature crèche figures. Nearly all families have a crèche with miniature figures of the holy family and often a few animals are included. Many creches are hundreds of years old, treasured heirlooms handed down from one generation to the next!

Austria’s Epiphany celebrations – boys and Girls on the day of the Epiphany (which remembers the Three Wise Men from the east who were looking for the newly born Jesus) dress in oriental costumes and sing traditional songs. They move from house to house receiving small gifts including gifts of money. They carry a lantern referred to as the “lighted star of Bethlehem” to guide them on their way. It is popular to see people chalk the initials of the wise men “CMB” (Casper, Melchior, Balthasar) on the transoms of their doorways!

Austria’s fun Krampus Day tradition – in Salzburg December 5th is known as Krampus Day. Krampus is believed to be an evil spirit. He is usually clad in frightening fur, wearing deer horns, a mask with a long red tongue and bulging red eyes and carries a birchwood rod. He storms down the street with a loud racket using huge cowbells and rattling chains as he shouts menacingly at the onlookers. Thousands, including many children crowd the streets to watch the medieval event. With much laughter and merry making, whenever children and adults see Krampus, they throw snow balls at this menacing figure. In the city each year a “Krampus Run” is held with fun and much teasing, poking and laughter. It is said that the purpose of Krampus is to remind children to be good!

In recent times in some communities the Krampus actors have to wear a number so they can be identified under their masks in case they loose control. It has been known for some to get carried away after downing a few too many schnapps or beers. A prominent Austrian child psychiatrist has been arguing for a ban on Krampus. He suggests he’s “a jolly old fright” for children. However there have been few known cases of “Krampus trauma”!

Australia – Christmas falls in the middle of summer and the heat can be more than 100 degrees Fahrenheit. It is common for people to hold out-door barbecues for the main Christmas feast and often parks and beaches are alive with family feasting taking place. It is not uncommon to see thongs, shorts, a beer in hand and a Santa hat on the head chef (usually the father in a family) at the Christmas day BBQ which is almost always followed by Australia’s best loved desert “Pavlova”. It is as light and delicate as Anna Pavlova the famous Russian ballerina for which it is named after.

Australian Carols by Candlelight – an Australian Christmas Eve carol service started in 1937 by radio announcer Norman Banks. Famous performers gather to sing at “Carols by Candlelight” held in Melbourne each year. A hugely popular annual event televised throughout the nation. Carols are performed on a stage to a huge audience where thousands attend outdoors holding lit candles.

Beach visits Christmas Day in Australia – up to 40,000 people visit Bondi Beach in Sydney on Christmas day! It is the middle of summer in Australia and with soaring heat levels beach barbecue lunches and swimming is popular while waiting for Santa to arrive on a boat on Christmas day!

Source by Bernadette Dimitrov

5 Famous Self-Taught Piano Players

Think that you can’t learn piano, or be a professional piano player if you’re self-taught? Think again. Here’s five incredible piano players who taught themselves.

Art Tatum (1909 – 1956)

Art Tatum was a jazz pianist who was born in the early twentieth century, and is regarded as one of the greatest jazz pianists of all time. His father was a guitarist and his mother played piano. Tatum taught himself to play piano by ear as a young child, and would go on to influence an entire generation of jazz pianists. To make all of this even more incredible, Tatum was nearly completely blind.

Floyd Cramer (1933 – 1997)

Floyd Cramer was an American Hall of Fame pianist who pioneered a piano style known as the “slip note” style, where one note slides into the next. Cramer grew up in a small town in Arkansas and taught himself to play piano before he graduated high school. He would go on to have a very successful recording career in Nashville, and after his death, was inducted into both the Country Music Hall of Fame and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

Walter Wilhelm Gieseking (1895 – 1956)

Walter Wilhelm Gieseking was a German composer and pianist who started teaching himself piano at the age of 4. He was known for having a near photographic memory and would learn new pieces while not at the piano, studying the notes and memorizing them. Once he got to a piano, he could play the piece flawlessly without glancing at the music. He later performed for sold-out crowds at Carnegie Hall.

Les McCann (1935 – )

Les McCann is a soul jazz pianist born in the first half of the twentieth century. After decades of successful recordings in the jazz genre, McCann crossed over into the R&B and soul genres and has continued to find success with crowds in the US and abroad.

Gene Harris (1933 – 2000)

Gene Harris was an American jazz pianist born in Michigan and known for his blues and gospel influenced style, popularly called soul jazz. His playing had a warm sound that delighted audiences. He played for more than forty years before his death from kidney failure in 2000.

These are just five of the many hundreds or thousands of famous piano players who taught themselves, at least to start. It’s true that some of those players have natural talent, but most would tell you that working hard and regular practice are more important than inborn talent. They taught themselves to play piano because they had to, because they longed to play so bad that they had no choice. They had fun every step of the way, and in that regard, you can join them.

Source by Katherine T. Miller

Jeff Dexter to Write His Memoirs

There is one book on the Sixties I can’t wait to read when it finally comes out. Jeff Dexter is in the process of writing his memoirs and I predict this will be the seminal book on the Sixties and Seventies thriving music scene. Born Dexter Jeffery Bedwell on August 15th 1946 in Lambeth London, Dexter started out as a dancer and singer, progressing to be a well-known DJ, promoter, rock band manager, record producer, club host and events organiser.

Jeff Dexter has made almost every move in and around the entertainment industry. Starting with Mecca Dancing in 1961, he was a dancer & singer with Cyril Stapleton’s Orchestra at London’s Lyceum Ballroom, where he was banned for obscenity after doing The Twist on the dance floor. Dexter was also a band boy when on the road, which entailed looking after all the props, extra instruments & sheet music. During his days at the Lyceum, Dexter became a Disc Jockey and MC on the Record Hops, working with Ian “Sammy” Samwell, and also Jimmy Savile (then the Ballroom Manager at Leeds Locarno). Dexter also worked with many other dance bands, and in other London venues, began and presenting the new beat bands.

Dexter helped take Britain’s first mobile record hop on the road in February 1962, beginning at Greenwich Town Hall followed by other regular promotions in Brighton and Croydon. He also became a partner in a record promotion company with Tony Calder. The first record they promoted together was Love Me Do. Dexter gave up his singing career after he had to follow Ike & Tina Turner at the Hammersmith Palais. Dexter and Samwell hosted many late night record shows at night clubs in London’s West End, including The Flamingo in Wardour Street, The Roaring Twenties in Carnaby Street, and The Crazy Elephant in Jermyn Street.

In 1966-7, Dexter worked as the host and DJ at Tiles Club in Oxford Street presenting all the soul & pop acts including the late Otis Redding. He presented the lunch time record shows, immortalised in Tom Wolfe’s book Noonday Underground. Dexter then started The Jeff Dexter Light & Sound Show with the emerging underground and psychedelic scene, with acts like Pink Floyd. Dexter also took up residency at Middle Earth Club in Covent Garden with John Peel but did not accept an offer to join BBC’s Radio One.

From 1968-73 Dexter promoted and presented rock shows at the legendary Roundhouse in Chalk Farm, mainly under the Implosion banner. Dexter helped organize and host nearly all the major festivals, including many of the free concerts in Hyde Park. He also re-branded Eric Clapton & Friends as Derek & The Dominos. Dexter hosted and arranged most of the acts that appeared at the 1971 Glastonbury Fayre. He also Managed the band America, and also co-produced their first album that made number one in the States, as did their first single for Warner Brothers Records.

Between the years 1973-79, Dexter managed and produced numerous artists, negotiated deals with Atlantic Records (Isaac Guillory), Warner Brothers (Peter Sarstedt, BIM) and EMI (Alfalpha), and Sire Records (Hawkwind). Dexter also tour managed in the UK, USA and Europe, ran the merchandising concessions for many acts and his own music publishing company.

During 1979-81, Dexter moved between Milan and New York, worked with well-known Italian groups and made disco records, but also worked with some of his favourite musicians.

In 1981-83, he moved back to the UK in order to manage a hot new band called BIM (Cameron McVey was on vocals, and Andy Harley on keyboards), and signed them to Arista Records, then to Warner Brothers Records. Dexter then started promoting retro record shows in West End clubs, and during 1983-89 he promoted a regular club, called The 2I’s in Tottenham Court Road at the Empire Rooms, worked with Time Out, organised music & entertainment at large corporate parties.

In1990, Dexter began managing rock bands again, took on new partnerships, made several records, and spent far too much time & money! He Joined a group of old friends to bid for a radio license, and joined a consortium with the aim of re-launching shows at the Roundhouse.

Jeff Dexter, who is currently is a successful Lifestyle Consultant is estranged from his wife Simona Perlasca (after 30 years), with two sons Wesley (Events Manager, and DJ Loki), and Lincoln (Art History student).

Source by Frances Lynn

Fender Telecaster – History and Actuality

If you happen to be searching the Internet, wading your way through useless information just to get essential info about which guitar you should chose, your search is over.  We happen to know which guitar you should specifically choose.  We can save you the trouble and headache of searching for it elsewhere.  If you’re looking for the best guitar available in the market, than The Fender Telecaster is perfect for you.  We have all the necessary information that you need to know about the Telecaster.  Not only that, you also discuss to you a brief historical background of this guitar, the popular guitar players who plays this model, and a little something about its specifications.  So, if you’re interested in knowing something about the best guitar in the world, (in our opinion, and perhaps the world’s opinion) we urge you to read further, because we believe that we have all the necessary things that you need to know.

The history of The Fender Telecaster.

The Fender Telecaster is probably one of the world’s most recognizable electric guitars.  It has the most simple but noticeable design that guitar players favor a lot.  It has been in the market for over 50 years and is still going strong.  Matter of fact, it is the first solid body guitar that was produced.  It provided inspiration for some of the most popular and recognizable music of the 20th century up until today.  Music like blues, RNB, rock, jazz and country music are all played on Telecasters.

The Telecaster was accidentally created by Leo fender while he was experimenting with guitar amplification.  He created a crude solid body guitar model just to test his early pickup designs.  When he tried playing it, he noticed that the solid body prototype produce the tone that was remarkably outstanding.  Eventually, local musicians from all over the place noticed the potential of the guitar and that encouraged him to create a solid body electric guitar.  Thus, The Fender Telecaster was born.

It was initially named esquire and then it was changed to broadcaster.  But because of the claim that the Gretsch Company made about it being a trademark violation because it was too similar with regard to their broadcaster drums.  So in 1952 the first commercial versions of these Telecasters were released.  Until now, the Telecasters are still the longest running solid body electric guitar that is still in production.

The Fender Telecaster has a noticeably bright piercing tone that cuts through almost any frequency range.  That is why the unique sound that is easily recognizable by guitar players and fanatics of fender Telecasters are favored by legendary guitar players such as: Eric Clapton, jimmy page, Keith Richards, Jeff beck, Danny Gatton, Steve cropper, book Owens, and James Burton.  Today, The Fender Telecaster has branched out many different models.  Some of this is the American Standard, Telecaster deluxe, Telecaster junior, Telecaster plus, Telecaster Thinline, and not to mention the numerous Telecaster signature models series.  Amongst these models, vintage Telecasters are the most expensive ones.  But you could also choose the cheaper ones which is also good.

Source by Michael Corleone

The History of St. Louis Imperial Swing Dancing

There are a total of eight swing dance clubs located in and around the St. Louis area (including M.U.S.I.C. in Collinsville, Illinois) that are members of the Midwest Swing Dance Federation, and all of these clubs are descended from the St. Louis Imperial Dance Club that was founded in 1973. The largest of these sister clubs, the West County Swing Dance Club, has the distinction of being one of the largest swing clubs in the United States with an active membership that totals more than a thousand dancers.

Imperial Swing got its name from the Club Imperial located at Goodfellow Boulevard and West Florissant Avenue. The building, originally called Imperial Hall, was built in 1928 as a dance hall, bowling alley and restaurant/bar complex. In the 1930s and 1940s, it was the dance spot of Northwest St. Louis, just as Arcadia (later called Tune Town), the Admiral Showboat in Midtown, and the Casa Loma on the Southside, were the most popular dance halls in their respective areas. In 1952, George Edick Enterprises purchased Imperial Hall and George Edick renamed it the Club Imperial. During the early part of that decade, he operated the club as a ballroom with the theme of “a nice place for nice people.” He played “big band” music and catered primarily to private parties. He was able to regularly book guest appearances with popular performers like Stan Kenton and Louis Prima because Robert Hyland, of CBS and KMOX radio, broadcast his weekly “Coast To Coast with Bob Hyland” program from the Imperial Ballroom.

During the late 1950s and early 1960s, Edick realized that the country’s taste in music had shifted to “Rock ‘n Roll” and he used his advertising-public relations firm, to aggressively promote the Club Imperial on KWK, KXOK, WIL and WGNU. The Joe Bozzi Quintet, Jimmie (Night Train) Forrest, Chuck Berry, Dolly Parton, the Monkeys, Glen Campbell, Ike and Tina Turner and a small vocal group now called the “Fifth Dimension” are among the many artists who began their careers at his club. He promoted a “Jitterbug” contest where a couple from the Club Imperial (Teddy Cole and Kathy Burke) won the National Jitterbug Championship. During the “Rock ‘n Roll” craze, Edick held Tuesday “Teen Night” dances, and it was during these weekly dances that a jitterbug variation that became known as the “Imperial Style” of St. Louis swing was born. As the 60s progressed, music trends were changing again. The ‘roll’ started dropping out of “Rock ‘n Roll,” the ‘rock’ got harder, and the teenagers increasingly attended loud, psychedelic music concerts. Because the freak-out beats of their acid rock music was almost impossible to dance to, Edick gradually discontinued all public dances at his club.

In the 1970s, George Edick wanted to reintroduce more listenable and danceable music at Club Imperial and he found that hosting swing contests was just the ticket! He got together with Teddy Cole, the Jitterbug champion who was also a dance promoter in his own right, and they decided to sponsor a yearly St. Louis Jitterbug Contest “Imperial Style” to pick a “City Champion.” These widely publicized contests prompted many of the older, experienced dancers to come around the club again, and Edick sponsored a number of “Salute Dances” to introduce these old timers to the newer dancers. As more and more people began learning the Imperial, they began organizing into small dance groups that met in apartment complexes around the St. Louis area, and George Edick kept in touch with many of their leaders.

In 1973 Al Morris conceived the idea of forming a club, and it was his group that first met at the San Miguel apartments in St. Charles which became the St. Louis Imperial Dance Club. The founders are: Dave Cheshire, Jan Cheshire, Rick McQueen, Joan Fritz, Debbie Dustman (Wheelis) and Veronica Lynch. The new club alternated their dances between Lynch’s apartment complex in South County and the Wood Hollow apartments in West County. Edick contacted the Board and he told them that he was very interested in helping their club to fulfill their mission to keep swing dancing alive. The great promoter convinced them, with a persuasive new adaptation of his original 1950s theme, that their growing club should hold their future dances at his Club Imperial ballroom because it’s “a nice place for nice people who like to swing dance!”

Good mottos never die but unfortunately people do, and on June 11, 2002 George Edick passed away. The building is silent now but it stands, not only as a landmark where Imperial Swing all began, but also as a tribute to a man who, over his colorful, eighty-six-year lifetime, was able to convert his dreams into reality . . . not a bad epitaph!

Source by Skip Culver

Top 10 Ugly Musicians & Beautiful Women

It’s a fact of life that ugly dudes don’t end up with hot women, despite what propaganda films like Shrek, Groundhog Day and Jaws II have tried to teach us.

That is unless you earn your livin’ playing in a band, it doesn’t even have to be a credible band a country band will do. So join us know as we countdown the Top 10 Ugliest Musicians & Beautiful Women.

Number 10 – Gene Simmons (Bassist – Kiss)

This bass-playing, womanising, fire breathing “guy with the big tongue” claims to have bedded more than 1000 women. Honestly, we don’t understand how this overweight aging rocker, who hasn’t put out a good record since 1974, stays with longtime girlfriend (and former Playboy playmate) Shannon Tweed, while having his way with any and every female he chooses (including a Austrian supermodel, famously caught on film in the Gene Simmons sex tape). Besides, look at his hair…he is 58 years old…how is that NOT a wig???

Number 09 – Billy Joel (Solo)

The original “piano man”. In the early days he was almost watchable, but unfortunately years do bad things to people and poor old Billy has not aged well. These days he looks more like a golf ball sitting on the rough 5 yards from the green, but not to his once-girlfriend supermodel Christie Brinkley and other rumored cavorts including Elle Macpherson and Dina Meyer.

Number 08 – Kid Rock (Redneck Rap Rocker)

A disgrace to every genre of music he transcends. The brawling, country rap-rock “artist” has been forever causing havoc in public whilst producing terrible records. However, with a dating history of such women as Jamie Presley, Sheryl Crow and most famously an engagement to Pamela Anderson, he kind of makes me want to grow a goatee and strum a banjo.

Number 07 – Vince Neil (Vocalist – Motley Crue)

Vince Neil is probably eating pizza, drinking beer and watching porn as we speak. He is rock music’s greatest slob. The least talented member of Motley has been singing for them since 1981, and while selling over 80 million albums, has also dated Shannon Doherty, Tori Spelling and was even married to model Heidi Mark for a short time. Not bad for a man who looks like an overweight bearded lady.

Number 06 – Pete Doherty (Vocalist – Babyshambles)

A walking, talking drug cocktail. The only man in the history of science to be partially made out of cocaine. Perhaps it is that amazing feat that Kate Moss found so attractive?

Number 05 – Adam Duritz (Vocalist – Counting Crowes)

It’s no secret that Counting Crows are the worst band in the history of music. Unluckily for Adam, he also wins the prestigious award for worst hair and worst beard. Although, despite succeeding in growing a gerbil on his chin, he has still managed to court the likes of Christina Applegate, Jennifer Aniston, Courtney Cox AND David Schwimmer. PS one of these is not true.

Number 04 – Steven Tyler (Vocalist – Aerosmith)

Dubbed “The Demon of Screamin'” Aerosmith front man and 80’s rock icon Steve Tyler is probably most famous for boasting lips that wouldn’t look out of place 10,000 feet under the sea. He may have even written ‘Dude (looks like a lady)’ about his own plastic surgery addiction! This doesn’t seem to turn the women away though – after ending his 17 year marriage, he was quick to jump into bed with Tara Reid – 28 years his junior.

Number 03 – Marilyn Manson (Vocalist – Marilyn Manson)

The self-confessed “Antichrist Superstar” is the weirdest looking man in rock. Perhaps it goes with the whole “burning bibles” thing he does to look one part Dracula/one part Krusty The Clown, but what Evan Rachel-Wood, Rose McGowan, Jenna Jameson and Dita Von Teese see in him… who knows…?

Number 02 – Ric Ocasek (Singer/Guitarist – The Cars)

Now we’re getting into the REAL ugly ones. To think there is actually someone in the world UGLIER than Ric is frightening, surely his Czech super-model wife Paulina Porizkova must a) have a fetish for human walrus or b) be void of vision.

Number 01 – Lyle Lovett (Country Singer/Songwriter)

Lyle Lovett is an institution. He gives hope to even the most hideous looking men on the planet. The 50 year old Texan who makes a living singing country music was born with the most unfortunate looks one could ever imagine, but in 1993 he married Julia Roberts. Yes that’s right… He married Julia Roberts. Unfortunately the pair split in 1995, but the damage had already been done. Lyle Lovett, you are a king amongst men.

Source by Michael Burrows

13 Ways You Are Being Hypnotized Every Day!

The purpose of this article is not to eliminate what is happening to you but rather to create awareness so you may be able to take control of it for positive means rather that allowing it to control you.

The most commonly used definition of hypnosis is being opened to suggestion. Throughout your day you are either open to suggestion or resisting suggestion. There is no halfway. Suggestion is defined as the process by which a physical or mental state is influenced by a thought or idea (the power of suggestion). Merriam-Webster’s dictionary.

Here is the listing of only 13 of the ways most people are being hypnotized each day. While reading them see how many resonate with you.

1. Signs, advertising and logos are everywhere.

You are continually being bombarded with suggestions to act now and purchase products from television, radio, junk mail, newspapers, store window ads, magazines, department stores and supermarkets just to name a few. There is virtually no place you can go where you are not in contact with some form of advertising suggestion.

2. Shopping at the groceries store.

This can be a battle of resisting suggestibility. There are demonstrators trying to tempt you with free samples. The scent of freshly baked goods being prepared in the bakery. Attractive signage and inviting music in the background. Sales displays of easy to prepare meals right at eye level and the list goes on. It seems like many times you go in to buy only two item but come out with fifteen.

3. Everything happening at once.

Known as the confusional method of hypnosis. Similar to doing your taxes while someone is having a conversation with you at the same time. If you are focusing on your taxes, everything in the conversation is being absorbed by the subconscious mind like a sponge. This is why it is detrimental to have the television or radio on while working, eating or sleeping.

4. Day dreaming in classrooms or work.

Daydreaming is a hypnotic state that is much deeper than most people would realize. It is actually the same level of hypnosis that you would be in for painless childbirth or to have dental work done without anesthesia. The daydreaming state is dominated by your imagination and is accompanied by a state of amnesia. This is why when you daydreaming in class you do not remember what was being said during the period of time that you were daydreaming.

5. Fear of deadlines or loss.

You may have heard the slogan before that fear is a great motivator. Fear is also a powerful tool utilized in the acceptance of suggestion. It is successfully used in virtually every walk of life such as sales, government, religion, family, school, work and countless other areas.

Call now, we only have two left on hand or the sale ends tomorrow.

Keep the noise down in your room or you’ll be punished.

Meet the 12:00 deadline or you’re fired!

Buy the best security system or your house will be broken into.

6. Music controls the mood.

Music is extremely hypnotic. The effect of music can cause you to become extremely relaxed, agitated, belligerent, excited, patriotic, board and even romantic.

7. Placebo, the sugar pill effect.

A placebo is a non effective substance or object given to someone by a person who is in authority (doctor, minister, parent, boss, supervisor) leading the person to believe that it will cure or solve their situation. Any effect that this placebo has is based on the power of suggestion.

An example would be if you were given a sugar pill by your doctor thinking that it was an asthma cure and within a few moments your asthma improves.

8. Nocebo, the sugar pill side effect.

A Nocebo is also based upon the power of suggestion. Going back to the example with the placebo, a nocebo would be experience the same reaction of side effects from the placebo as if it were the actual pill.

9. Propaganda, mine is better than yours.

Propaganda is a strong form of hypnotic suggestion that is used continually in the areas of religion, employment, sales, government, education, sports and even sexual preference. Often times these suggestions cause rivalry, fierce competition and even wars.

Your company develops the best WiDgets available on the market.

Your football team is superior to any other team.

Everyone in your country is wonderful, everyone in that country are terrorist.

This company will save me hundreds of dollars over that company. After all, I heard it on television!

10. Relax and have a cup of coffee.

This is probably the most well known form of suggestibility today. It is used quite extensively in the mental health and medical fields to increase suggestibility. It is the basis of meditation and guided imagery. Even parents use these techniques with their children by telling them to take a deep breath to get them to calm down. Once you are relaxed, positive suggestions can easily be given and accepted.

Many companies have also associated their products so as to group them mentally with suggestions of relaxation to sell them such as coffee, cigarettes, luxury automobiles, furniture, chocolate and vacations. The added suggestion or conditioning of relaxation makes the item more appealing even if it is not so.

11. Tell me a Story.

Storytelling can be a very effective form of delivering suggestion by having embedded messages or metaphors included within them. This is most often seen in the writing of fairytales, nursery rhymes, fables and parables.

Being told stories by your parents as a way of getting you to conform.

Reading bedtime stories that include a moral in them to your children.

Beginning a church sermon with a story or joke with a message in it.

Listening to a corporate speaker who began with a story that had an embedded message in it.

12. Repetition, how does it affect you?

Anything that is repeated continually, without missing a day, for a minimum period of 21 days becomes a permanent habit. Once it becomes a habit it seems to work on automatic pilot. This happens without even having to think about the process anymore. Here are some examples:

Reciting the alphabet

Typing on the keyboard

Answering the phone

Routine of going to work each day

Brushing your teeth

Each morning when you get up you have a brand new day in front of you. This day has not been written as of yet and you have the same opportunity as anyone else to attain greatness or do something utterly spectacular. Even with this new day in front of them, most people will do the very same thing with it that they did yesterday. They have created a routine, especially during the work days. Even something like changing the time of their coffee break or taking a different route to work seems like the biggest inconvenience.

13. Resisting suggestions.

If you become aware that you are being given suggestions and immediately resist by giving yourself counter suggestions, you are still in a state of hypnosis since you accepted the counter suggestions. When you reject or replace any suggestion, you are still accepting the new or opposing suggestion.

These are just thirteen of the many ways of hypnotic conditioning being used today. How many affect you in the course of a day and how many times are each being used? It is staggering to see how much our lives are actually being controlled or on automatic pilot.

As mentioned earlier, awareness that is it happening is the first step but knowledge is required in order to be in control of your own conditioning.

“If it is happening on a daily basis, why not be in control of it rather than having it control you by default.”

Source by Rene Bastarache